A new technical guide to uses of inorganic (PIN) tin compounds as flame retardants and smoke suppressants includes information on fire performance and testing and on chemical regulation (e.g. REACH status) and a global inventory of 134 suppliers of different inorganic tin chemicals.
Around 1 000 tonnes per year of inorganic tin chemicals are used in fire safety, that is c. 15% of global inorganic tin chemical use. Fire safety use is growing as tin compounds can be effective synergists, reducing smoke emissions, with other PIN flame retardant systems. Chemicals covered in this guide are: Tin (II) chloride, Tin (II) oxalate, Tin (II) oxide, Tin (IV) chloride, Tin (IV) oxide, Calcium stannate, Potassium stannate, Sodium stannate, Zinc stannate (including for all hydrous / hydroxy forms).
“2016 Inorganic Tin Chemical Flame Retardants and Smoke Suppressants: Global Suppliers Guide and Technical Overview”, S. Blunden & P. Cusack, 2016 http://www.tinindustries.com/frchemicals.html