Review of knowledge of railcar fires
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A detailed review summarises research into rail carriage fires from the 1970’s to today, including NIST, Eureka, Firestarr, Transfeu and Metro projects, and translation into standards for materials fire performance and toxic gas emissions in combustion, including EN 45545, BSS 7239, ASTM E662. Research needs identified include fire performance of polycarbonate windows (used in place of glass), scale up of test results, modelling, as well as testing of fire gas toxicity and smoke emissions.
“A review of fire growth and fully developed fires in railcars”, B. Lattimer & M. McKinnon, Fire and Materials 2018:1-17: https://doi.org/10.1002/fam.2514