WHO IS PINFA

The flame retardants’ world uses many abbreviations which are often confusing for people who are new to the field. Here we have put together a list of commonly used abbreviations. For chemical substances the CAS registry number is also given.

A

ABS Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymers
AOH Aluminium-oxide-hydroxide (Boehmite)
AP Ammonium phosphates
APP Ammonium polyphosphate 68333-79-9
ATH Aluminium trihydroxide 21645-51-2
ATO Antimonytrioxide 1309-64-4

B

BADP (or BPA-DPP) Bisphenol-A diphenyl posphate, EINECS 425-220-8
BDP (or BPA-BDPP) Bisphenol-A- bis- diphenylphosphate 5945-33-5, 181028-79-5
BFR Brominated flame retardant

C

CAF Conductive anodic filament
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service (run by the American Chemical Society)
CPSC US Consumer Product Safety Commission
CTE Coefficient of thermal expansion
CTI Comparative tracking index

D

Deca-DBDE Decabromodiphenyl ether 1163-19-5
Df Dissipation factor
DfE Design for the Environment (US EPA)
DGEBA Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A
DICY Dicyandiamide
Dk Dielectric constant
DOPO Dihydro-oxa-phosphaphenantrene-oxide
DOPO-HQ Dihydro-oxa-phosphaphenantrene-oxidehydrochinon
DSC Differential scanning calorimetry

E

E&E Electric and electronic
EFRA European Flame Retardants Association
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPEAT Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool
EPS Expanded Polystyrene
EVA Poly-ethyl-co-vinyl acetate

F

FPC Flexible printed circuit
FR Flame retardant
GWFI Glow wire flammability index
GWIT Glow wire ignition temperature
GWT Glow wire test

G

GWFI Glow wire flammability index
GWIT Glow wire ignition temperature
GWT Glow wire test

H

HBCD Hexabromocyclododecane 25637-99-4
HBCDD HBCD
HDT Heat deflection temperature
HFFR Halogen-free flame retardant
HIPS High impact polystyrene
HTN High temperature nylon

L

LOI Limiting oxygen index
LSF0H Low smoke – flame retardant – zero halogen

M

MC Melamine cyanurate
MCPP Medium-chain chlorinated paraffins 85535-85-8
MDH Magnesium hydroxide 1309-42-8
MPP Melamine polyphosphate

N

NEMA National electrical manufacturers association
NGO Non-governmental organization
NMI N-methylimidazole

O

OBDE Octabromodiphenyl ether 32536-52-0
OEM Original equipment manufacturer

P

PA Polyamide
PBDE Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in general
PBT Persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic or (different meaning) Polybutyleneterephthalat
PC Polycarbonate
PCT Pressure cooker test
PET Polyethyleneterephthalat
PIN Phosphorus Inorganic Nitrogen
PINFA Phosphorus Nitrogen and Inorganic Flame Retardants Association
PPO Polypheneylene oxide
PWB Printed wiring board (synonymous to printed circuit board)

R

RDP (or PBDPP) Resorcinol bis-diphenylphosphate 57583-54-7, 125997-21-9
RDX Reorcinol bis (dixylenyl phosphate)
REACH Registration, evaluation and authorisation of chemicals
RoHS Restriction of certain hazardous substances in electric and electronic equipment
RP Red Phosphorus 7723-14-0

S

SAN Poly-styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer
SCPP Short-chain chlorinated paraffins 85535-84-8
SNUR Significant New Use Rules

T

TBB (or EH-TBB)
2-Ethylhexyl ester 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate
TBBPA Tetrabromobisphenol-A 79-94-7
TBEP (or TBOEP) Tris (2-butoxyethyl) phosphate
TBP (ot TNBP) Tri-n-butyl phosphate 126-73-8
TBPH (or BEH-TEBP) 1,2-Ethylhexyl 3,4,5,6-tetrabromo-benzenedicarboxylate or (2-ethylhexyl)-3,4,5,6 tetrabromophtalate
TCEP Tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphate 115-96-8
TCP (or TMPP) Tricresyl phosphate 1330-78-5
TCPP (or TCIPP) Tris (chloroiso-propyl) phosphate 13674-84-5
TDCP (or TDCIPP) Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate 13674-87-8
Tg Glass transition temperature
TGA Thermogravimetric analysis
THPC tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride [P(CH2OH)4]Cl), an organophosphorus compound combined with a mineral (non-organohalogen) chloride ion (Cl-) which is washed out in the finishing process
TPP (or TPHP) Triphenyl phosphate 115-86-6
TSCA US Toxic Substances Control Act

U

UL
Underwriters Laboratories

V

vPvB
Very persistent, very bioaccumulative

W

WEEE
Waste of electric and electronic equipment

X

XPS
Expanded Polystyrene

For a systematic list of flame retardant abbreviations, see “A novel abbreviation standard for organobromine, organochlorine and organophosphorus flame retardants and some characteristics of the chemicals”, A. Bergman et al., Environmental International 49, 2012